Photography Basics

Getting started in photography? Here are some basic photography concepts that may be helpful for you:

  • Exposure: Exposure refers to the amount of light that reaches the camera’s sensor or film. It is controlled by three factors: aperture, shutter speed, and ISO.
    • Aperture is the size of the lens opening and controls the amount of light that enters the camera.
    • Shutter speed is the length of time that the camera’s shutter is open and controls the amount of time that the camera is exposed to light.
    • ISO is the sensitivity of the camera’s sensor to light and controls the camera’s sensitivity to light.
  • Composition: Composition is the way that elements in a photograph are arranged. Some basic composition techniques include the rule of thirds, leading lines, and framing.
    • The rule of thirds is a basic principle of photography that suggests that an image can be divided into nine equal parts by two equally-spaced horizontal lines and two equally-spaced vertical lines. It suggests that subjects should be placed along these lines or at the intersections of them for a more balanced and interesting composition.
    • Leading lines are lines in the photograph that lead the eye to the subject.
    • Framing is the use of elements in the photograph to frame the subject.
  • Lighting: Lighting is an important factor in photography. It can affect the mood, contrast, and overall look of a photograph. There are three types of lighting: natural, artificial, and flash.
    • Natural lighting is the light that is available in the environment, such as sunlight or moonlight.
    • Artificial lighting is light that is created by man-made sources, such as lamps and flashlights.
    • Flash is a burst of light that is produced by the camera’s flash unit.

If you have any specific questions about these concepts or anything else related to photography, feel free to ask!

Photo by Kaique Rocha on

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: Logo

You are commenting using your account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s